Environmental Law Australia

Brown Mountain Logging case

This is a case study of part of the extensive history of litigation against logging in East Gippsland, Victoria.

This case involved proceedings in the Victorian Supreme Court to restrain logging at Brown Mountain, 300km East of Melbourne, in 2009.

In it, Environment East Gippsland Inc (EEG), a conservation group, succeed in establishing that proposed logging by VicForests, a government-owned corporation operated by the Victorian Government, was unlawful. EEG relied particularly on the Sustainable Forests (Timber) Act 2004 (Vic) and the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Vic). A location map is available here.

Due to the need to restrain the logging occuring prior to the trial, EEG applied for an interlocutory injunction. This stage of the proceedings involved three main issues:

  • Whether EEG had standing to bring the action;
  • Whether there was a serious question to be tried; and
  • Whether the balance of convenience favoured the grant of the interlocutory injunction.

Forrest J granted an interlocutory injunction, finding:

“There is an extraordinarily powerful consideration in favour of granting an interlocutory injunction. … The photographs [of logging tendered by EEG] demonstrate the apparent total obliteration of the area of native forest as a result of logging and the subsequent burning off. To put it bluntly, once the logging is carried out and the native habitat destroyed, then it cannot be reinstated or repaired in anything but the very, very long term.”

Forrest J likened the photographs of logging, some of which are shown to the right of this page, to “pictures of the battlefields of the Somme“.

Forrest J subsequently refused to order EEG to provide security for damages should the interlocutory injunction remain in force and and EEG fails to succeed at trial. He found:

“I have concluded that security should not be ordered. This case is brought in the public interest; importantly, it involves consideration of the obligations (imposed by State legislation) of a State statutory corporation to comply with principles of conservation as they affect an endangered species. Accordingly, this is an exceptional case and EEG should not be required to provide security in addition to the usual undertaking as to damages.”

The matter proceeded to trial and the Supreme Court granted a permanent injunction restraining the logging.

Key documents

Court documents

  • Summons seeking interlocutory restraint of the logging issued on 28 August 2009

EEG evidence for interlocutory injunction

  • Affidavit of Venessa Bleyer, EEG solicitor, exhibiting photographs of logging (without exhibits – some exhibited photographs shown to the right)

VicForests evidence for interlocutory injunction

  • Affidavit of Cameron MacDonald, VicForests Director, on timber allocation and conservation issues on Brown Mountain and commercial losses if logging prevented (without exhibits)

Interlocutory judgments

  • Map annexed to judgment by Forrest J showing the location of logging coupes 840-502-0015 and 840-502-0019 the subject of the proceedings and the interlocutory injunction.


  • EEG has posted the transcript of the trial and the reports and exhibits it tendered together with written submissions on its website. There are extensive documents there and they will not be re-posted here.

Further details of the history of the case along with maps, pictures and film footage of logging at Brown Mountain, are available at Greenlivingpedia and the EEG website.